They are a peculiarly honest and sociable little bird…they are considerable company for the wood chopper.
~Henry David Thoreau on chickadees
Of course, Thoreau was speaking of Black-capped Chickadees, found throughout much of the northern half of the United States and down into the Carolinas in the higher elevation mountains. This week I have been watching and trying to photograph the look-alike southeastern species, the Carolina Chickadee. I am working on a project trying to film the food items that some of our local bird species feed to their nestlings to show the importance of native plants as habitat for the food that birds need to catch to successfully raise their young. I was asked to start with Carolina Chickadees, probably due to their endearing nature and widespread distribution and association with human habitats. It is a bird that most people recognize and appreciate.
I have a couple of hollow log nest boxes in my yard and both were occupied by chickadees in April. I was excited as I knew this could provide some good natural-looking photo opportunities. But the birds fooled me.
My first week of filming was frustrating. The birds tolerated my presence, but they never paused at the nest entrance so I could tell what they were feeding their young. They just zipped into the nest cavity, delivered the miniscule morsel, and flew back out. So, I have many takes of the clip above. Not very useful, I thought. The young had just hatched so maybe the parents would slow down a bit when they started bringing larger food items. Nope, wrong again. After filming for several days over the nesting period, I gave up on my nest boxes, as the parent birds continued to just zip into the hole.I had alerted neighbors to my project and a couple had offered their nest boxes as subjects, so I went to one that had a wooden dowel perch on top of the box. They had told me the birds would fly to the perch, sit a second or two, then go into the nest box. Success!
Again, the birds were incredibly cooperative. I had camouflage netting to cover me and the camera set up, but as I was setting everything up, an adult flew in, perched nicely, fed the young and left, all while I was standing there in the open. Over the next two days I spent about four hours gathering footage of the chickadee meals on wings program. The more I watched, the more amazed I was at the efficiency of these two parent birds.I decided to record their comings and goings for an hour to see how many trips they made and what they were feeding to their young. Here are the results for one hour of feeding time from 10:15 a.m. to 11:15 a.m. one day last week:
21 feeding trips to the nest box that brought the following food items
14 spiders, 6 caterpillars, 4 invertebrates of unknown type (on three trips an adult brought two items in its beak)The number of spiders was amazing. And, of the 14 spiders brought in, at least 10 seemed to be the same species! The preferred food item looks like some sort of Sac Spider, a fairly common spider in vegetation in this part of the world. The chickadees in my yard fed their young until they fledged on day 17 after hatching. I did notice many small caterpillars and spiders being brought in. If you do some calculations, it becomes an amazing amount of food gathered…
21 trips per hour equals 252 feeding trips in a 12 hour day
252 trips per day times 17 days equals 4284 feeding trips while the young are in the nest
If the pair in my neighbors yard captures spiders and caterpillars at the same rate for the entire 17 days the young may be in the nest, they will bring 2827 spiders and 1199 caterpillars to their hungry babies.
Even though these amounts are probably off due to the different sizes of food needed as the baby birds grow, impacts of weather on foraging success, and other variables, it still is an amazing number of food items gleaned from the adjacent forest and yard. That is the point of this project, showing the importance of planting native plants in your yard. Native plants harbor both greater numbers and diversity of invertebrates when compared to non-native species. And these invertebrates are critical food sources for young birds. I hope to film some other species as the nesting season progresses, so look for updates in future posts.
Wow, very nice pictures and video clips. Impressive calculations too. That’s a whole lot of spiders and caterpillars for one nest.
ALL of your work is amazing, but this project of filming the Chickadees (and then others birds) as they bring in food to their young has got to be at the top of the list! Even with the best camera lens and tripod and skill, this is an over-the-top amazing accomplishment!! THANK YOU!!!!!!!!
I love this information and the fantastic pictures, Mike. Thank you. We have lots of Carolina Chicadees all year. They have always been one of my favorites. Now they have my total respect!
This was an enjoyable and educational blog!
Loved sharing this with my girls! Thanks Mike, for helping me with our homeschool adventures!
Wow, that is quite a project you are working on and valuable too! Please keep sharing this info on your blog as it is very educational. Those little birds work quite hard to feed their young!
Thanks, everyone. This is an engaging project and I am learning a lot (about both my new camera and my subjects:). And, Dani, I am so glad you are able to use some of my blog for teaching your girls!
…what do the birds eat when there are limited sources of native plants?
Hi Jane…the point of Doug Tallamy’s research (he is a key spokesperson in the film, Hometown Habitat) is that native plants support more native insects that provide food. He states his research has shown that alien ornamentals support 29 times less biodiversity than do native ornamentals. In addition, his studies have shown that even modest increases in the native plant cover on suburban properties significantly increases the number and species of breeding birds. So, it appears that the birds struggle to find adequate food when there are fewer native plants around.